Bed Bug


Actual size: Less than 6 mm

Characteristics: Oval, flat, and mahogany brown to red-brown.

Legs: 6

Antennae: Yes

Wings: No

Habitat: Single-family homes, apartments, hotels, hospitals, schools and college campuses, office buildings, retail stores, movie theaters, and even public transportation.


  • One female can lay 200 – 500 eggs in her lifetime.
  • Feeds exclusively on the blood of humans and mammals.
  • Bed bug feeding is usually painless; sleeping victims are typically unaware.

Bed Bugs in the North and East Bay of California

Found throughout the North Bay and East Bay areas, bed bugs are nocturnal insects that feed exclusively on blood. While humans serve as their primary host, they also feed on birds and mammals. Bed bugs are one of the most resilient pests that plague people and can be difficult to eliminate, as they are secretive and remain well hidden in cracks and crevices. Bed bugs typically feed at night while their host lay fast asleep, and they can survive for more than a year without a blood meal. Their bite is essentially painless, so they are rarely detected at the time of feeding activity.

Bed Bug Habitat

Bed bugs live in groups and are most often found in bed parts, such as mattresses, box springs, and folded areas. They inhabit areas where humans sleep or rest for extended periods of time. Bed bugs can be transported, unknowingly, from place to place as people travel. They conceal themselves in the seams and folds of luggage, overnight bags, bedding, furniture, and anywhere they can hide. Bed bugs can be found in homes, hotels, apartment buildings, schools, medical facilities, and other areas frequented by the public. These pests favor cracks, crevices, or seams in headboards, mattresses, luggage, backpacks, and upholstered furniture.

Bed Bug Behaviors, Threats or Dangers

Bed bugs are not considered dangerous, nor do they spread disease; however, an allergic reaction to several bites may require medical attention. The initial sign of a bed bug infestation is typically bites on the skin or the appearance of small brownish dots on the bed. Bed bug bites may be undetected on people who have been bitten. Welt-like swelling in a straight line on the skin of the bite victim may occur. Bed bugs can survive both low and high temperatures, are known to hide in small spaces and can live almost anywhere humans or mammals live. Eliminating bed bugs in the North and East Bay areas can be complex, and hiring a professional bed bug exterminator is recommended.