What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Spread?
Mosquitoes are known for spreading many dangerous diseases. Each year, over 700,000 deaths are reported as caused by vector-borne diseases. These diseases have been the most devastating in tropical and subtropical regions, but have affected people all over the world. These are some of the most common mosquito-borne diseases:
- Yellow fever
- Zika virus
- West Nile fever
- Chagas disease
- Rift Valley fever
Which Kinds of Mosquitoes Transmit Disease?
The three mosquito species that are able to spread diseases are the Aedes, Anopheles, and Culex mosquitoes. Each of these families contains multiple species. Fortunately, many kinds of mosquitoes are not responsible for passing on diseases, only itchy bites. Here in the North and East Bay, we have had reported cases on the Aedes mosquito.
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What Diseases Do Mosquitoes Have in the North and East Bay?
Over 200 species of mosquitoes are living in the United States. Of all of those, only an estimated 12 are capable of transmitting disease. The diseases that have been reported in the U.S. include Zika virus, chikungunya, Dengue, and malaria. Outbreaks of these diseases happened in Florida, Texas, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Most cases of malaria in our country have been attributed to recent travelers to tropical regions. Most mosquitoes that are living in our area are incapable of carrying and distributing diseases that seriously endanger people.
Symptoms of Mosquito-Related Diseases
Most mosquito bites will only result in mild symptoms. So, how can you tell if you may be suffering from a more serious mosquito-related illness? Common symptoms of vector-borne diseases can be:
- Sudden high fever
- Stiff neck
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle tremors or seizures
- Severe headaches
Experiencing any of these symptoms in relation to a recent mosquito bite warrants a trip to your local hospital.